Recent Research Publications by IRAB Faculty

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT)

SBIRT is an internationally-recognized and validated approach to identify at-risk and dependent substance users, provide a brief intervention, and link likely dependent users with treatment services. Research on SBIRT is ongoing due to the variety of types of implementation sites, variance in patient populations in controlled studies, and the wide variety of substances of abuse.

  • List of Publications

    Gerke, S.P., Agley, J., Wilson, C., Gassman, R., & Crabb, D.W. (Accepted). An initial assessment of the utility of validated alcohol and drug screening tools in predicting 30-day readmission to adult general medicine wards. American Journal of Medical Quality.

    Agley, J., Carlson, J.M., McNelis, A.M., Gassman, R.A., Schwindt, R., Crabb, D., & Vannerson, J. (Accepted). ‘Asking’ but not ‘Screening’: Assessing physicians’ and nurses’ substance-related clinical behaviors. Substance Use & Misuse.

    Agley, J., Carlson, J., & Gassman, R.A. (2017). Assessing internal medicine residents’ and graduate nurse practitioner students’ perceived barriers to using SBIRT in clinical practice [Abstract]. Health Behavior Research, 1(1), 106.

    Carlson, J., Agley, J., McNelis, A., Schwindt, R., Vannerson, J., Gassman, R., & Crabb, D. (2017). Effects of training on social work, nursing, and medical trainees’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to screening and brief intervention for substance use. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 61(1), 14-35.

    Carlson, J., Agley, J., Gassman, R., McNelis, A., Schwindt, R., Vannerson, J., Crabb, D., et al. (2017). Effects and durability of an SBIRT training curriculum for first-year MSW students. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 17(1-2), 135-149.

    Reho, K., Agley, J., DeSalle, M., & Gassman, R.A. (2016). Are we there yet? A brief report on Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) implementation fidelity tools. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 37(4), 377-388.

    Agley, J., McNelis, A.M., Schwindt, R., Clark, C., Kent, K., Carlson, J., & Gassman, R.A. (2016). If you teach it, they will screen: Advanced practice nursing students’ use of screening and brief intervention in the clinical setting. Journal of Nursing Education, 55(4), 231-235.

    McNelis, A., Agley, J., Carlson, J., & Gassman, R. (2015).  One size doesn’t fit all: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) education for medical professionals [Abstract]. European Psychiatry, 30 (Suppl. 1), 512.

    Agley, J., Crabb, D., Harris, L.E., Gassman, R., & Gerke, S.P. (2015). An assessment of SBIRT prescreening and screening outcomes by medical setting and administration methodology. Health Services Research & Managerial Epidemiology, 2, 1-6.

    Agley, J., Gassman, R.A., DeSalle, M., Vannerson, J., Carlson, J., & Crabb, D. (2014). Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) and motivational interviewing for PGY1 medical residents. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 6(4), 765-769.

    Agley, J., Gassman, R., Vannerson, J., & Crabb, D.W. (2014). Assessing the relationship between medical residents’ perceived barriers to SBIRT implementation and their documentation of SBIRT in clinical practice. Public Health, 128(8), 755-758.

    Agley, J., McIntire, R., DeSalle, M., Tidd, D., Wolf, J., & Gassman, R.A. (2014). Connecting patients to services: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment in primary health care. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 21(5), 370-379.

    Agley, J., Walker, B.B., & Gassman, R. (2013). Adaptation of alcohol and drug screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) to a department of intercollegiate athletics: The COMPASS Project. Health Education Journal, 72(6), 647-659.

    Gassman, R. A. (2007). Practitioner-level predictors of alcohol problem detection and management activities. Journal of Substance Use, 12(3), 191-202.

    Gassman, R. A. & Weisner, C. (2005). Community providers’ views of alcohol and drug problems.  Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 5(4), 101-115.    

    Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Higgins, P. S., Gassman, R. A., & Gould, B. E. (2004). Training medical providers to conduct alcohol screening and brief intervention. Substance Abuse, 25(1), 17-26.

    Gassman, R. A. (2003). Medical specialization, profession, and mediating beliefs that predict stated likelihood of alcohol screening and brief intervention: Targeting educational interventions. Substance Abuse, 24(3), 141-156.

Adolescent and Young Adult Substance Use

Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use (‘substance use’ or ‘ATOD use’) remains one of the most significant public health concerns in the United States. IRAB has been involved with research designed to bolster the research community’s understanding of a variety of under-researched nuances in this topic area, including patterns of use and data usability.

  • List of Publications

    Cooper, B.R., Weybright, E.H., Bumpus, M, Hill, L.G. & Agley, J. (Accepted). Exploring alcohol use motivations in under-age college students: Contributions of a person-centered analytic approach. Emerging Adulthood.

    Weybright, E.H., Cooper, B.R., Beckmeyer, J., Bumpus, M., Hill, L.G., & Agley, J. (2016). Moving beyond drinking to have a good time: A person-centered approach to identifying reason typologies in legal-aged college student drinkers. Prevention Science, 17(6), 679-688.

    Gassman, R.A., Agley, J., Fly, A.D., He, K., Beckmeyer, J.J., Sayegh, M.A., & Tidd, D.M. (2016). Using biological samples for youth ATOD survey validation: A focus group study. Addiction Research & Theory, 24(3), 177-185.

    Agley, J., Gassman, R., Jun, M, Nowicke, C., & Samuel, S. (2015). Improving local alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) data collection for usability: Statewide administration of the CRAFFT screening tool. Substance Abuse & Misuse, 50(13), 1668-1677.

    Agley, J., Gassman, R., YoussefAgha, A., Jun, M.K., Torabi, M., & Jayawardene, W. (2015). Examining sequences of adolescent substance use initiation involving over-the-counter (OTC) drug abuse. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 24(4), 212-219.

    Luo, J., Agley, J., Hendryx, M., Gassman, R., & Lohrmann, D. (2015). Risk patterns among college youth: Identification and implications for prevention and treatment. Health Promotion Practice, 16(1), 132-141.

    Vaughan, E. L., Gassman, R.  A., Jun, M. K., & Seitz de Martinez, B.  J. (2015).  Gender differences in risk and protective factors for alcohol use and substance use problems among Hispanic adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 24(5), 243-254. 

    Jayawardene, W. P., & YoussefAgha, A. H. (2014). Multiple and Substitute Addictions Involving Prescription Drugs Misuse Among 12th Graders: Gateway Theory Revisited With Market Basket Analysis. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 8(2), 102-110.

    Seo, D.-C., Owens, D., Gassman, R., & Kingori, C. (2013). Effects of a 2.5-year campus-wide intervention to reduce college drinking, Journal of Health Education, 72(6), 673-683.

    Gassman, R.A., Agley, J., Johnson, J.D., Middlestadt, S.E., Van Puymbroeck, M., and YoussefAgha, A. (2012). Catalyzing trans-disciplinary studies in public health: A college health survey and data platform. Health Promotion Practice, 13(1), 90-97.

    Gassman, R., Nowicke, C.E., & Jun, M. K. (2010). Individual characteristics of adolescent methamphetamine users in relation to self-reported trouble with the police. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 54(1), 76-92. 

    Torabi, M. R., Jun, M. K., Nowicke, C., Seitz de Martinez, B., & Gassman, R. (2010). Tobacco, the Common Enemy and a Gateway Drug: Policy Implications. American Journal of Health Education, 41(1), 4-13.

    Alter, R.J., Jun, M.K., & McKyer, E.L. (2007).  ATOD prevention programming in the non-school-hours and adolescent substance use.  Journal of Drug Education, 37(4), 365-377.

    Alter, R.J., Lohrmann, D.K, & Greene, R. (2006). Substitution of marijuana for alcohol:  The role of perceived access and harm.  Journal of Drug Education, 36(4), 335-356.

    Alter, R.J., & Lohrmann, D.K. (2005).  Building support for coordinated school health programs.  The Health Educator, 37(1), 3-7.

    Lohrmann, D.K., Alter, R.J., Greene, R., & Younoszai, T.M. (2005).  Long-term impact of a district-wide school/community-based substance abuse prevention initiative on gateway drug use.  Journal of Drug Education, 35(3), 233-253.

    Gassman, R. A., Demone, H. W. & Weschler, H. (2002). College students’drinking: Masters in social work compared to undergraduate students. Health and Social Work: Special Issue on Substance Abuse, 27(3), 184-192.

Training Health Professionals about Substance Use (non-SBIRT)

While integration of substance use information and treatment/prevention education and training is a relatively new component of many health professionals’ curricula, including nurses, physicians, social workers, health administrators, and others, research is ongoing as to the optimal mechanisms of measuring, assessing, and delivering this content.

  • List of Publications

    Schwindt, R., Agley, J., McNelis, A., Hudmon, K., Lay, K., & Bentley, M. (2017). Assessing perceptions of interprofessional education and collaboration among graduate health professions students using the Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS). Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 8, 23-27.

    Jayawardene, W. P., Erbe, R. G., Lohrmann, D. K., & Torabi, M. R. (2017). Use of Treatment and Counseling Services and Mind-Body Techniques by Students Experiencing Difficulties with Concentration, Emotions, and Behaviors. Journal of School Health, 87(2), 133-141

    Schwindt, R., McNelis, A.M., & Agley, J. (2016). Curricular innovations in tobacco cessation education for prelicensure baccalaureate nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education, 55(8), 425-431.

    Gassman, R., Demone, H. W. & Albilal, R. (2001). Alcohol and other drug content in core courses: Encouraging substance abuse assessment. Journal of Social Work Education, 37(Winter), 137-145.

    Gassman, R. A. (1997). Social work student characteristics and the views of alcoholic clients:     Designing educational interventions.  Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 42(2), 19-31.

Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk

Weight management often is linked to substance use behaviors, either directly or via mediating and moderating variables. Further, weight above appropriate standard deviations often is the result of eating patterns that may reflect psychological addiction.

  • List of Publications

    Jayawardene, W. P., Lohrmann, D., Dickinson, S., Talagala, S., & Torabi, M. (2017). Clinical measures of obesity and cumulative cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Clinical Obesity, 7(1), 11-21.

    Jayawardene, W. P., Torabi, M. R., & Lohrmann, D. K. (2015). Exercise in Young Adulthood with Simultaneous and Future Changes in Fruit and Vegetable Intake. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1-9. doi:10.1080/07315724.2015.1022268

    Lohrmann, D., YoussefAgha, A., & Jayawardene, W. (2014). Trends in Body Mass Index and Prevalence of Extreme High Obesity Among Pennsylvania Children and Adolescents, 2007–2011: Promising but Cautionary. American Journal of Public Health, 104(4), e62-e68.

    Jayawardene, W., Lohrmann, D., & YoussefAgha, A. (2014). Discrepant Body Mass Index: Behaviors Associated with Height and Weight Misreporting among US Adolescents from the National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study. Childhood Obesity, 10(3), 225-233.

    YoussefAgha, A. H., Lohrmann, D. K., & Jayawardene, W. P. (2013). Use of Data Mining to Reveal Body Mass Index (BMI): Patterns among Pennsylvania Schoolchildren, Pre-K to Grade 12. Journal of School Health, 83(2), 85-92.

    Marker-Hoffman, R.L., Johnston, J.D., Agley, J., Gassman, R., Middlestadt, S.E., & Puymbroeck, M.V. (2011). Walking and body mass index patterns in a college student population [Abstract]. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43(5), 793.

    Dodd, G., Biggs, S., Agley, D., Dollman, J., & Lushington, K. (2008). Rethinking the youth weight debate: The 24 hour day. ACHPER Australia Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 55(1), 5-10.

    Seo, D-C., Nehl, E., Agley, J., & Ma, S-M. (2007). Relationships between physical activity and behavioral and perceptual correlates among Midwestern college students. Journal of American College Health, 56(2),187-197.


Some publications produced by IRAB focus primarily on a specific methodology or research technique rather than a broader subject.

  • List of Publications

    Agley, J., Meyerson, B.E., Shannon, D.J., Ryder, P., Ritchie, K., & Gassman, R.A. (2017). Using the hybrid method to survey U.S. pharmacists: Applying lessons learned to leverage technology. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 13(1), 250-252.

    Jayawardene, W. P., Nilwala, D. C., Antwi, G. O., Lohrmann, D. K., Torabi, M. R., & Dickinson, S. (2017). Regression-Based Prediction of Seeking Diabetes-Related Emergency Medical Assistance by Regular Clinic Patients in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries, 1–7. doi: 10.1007/s13410-017-0578-x

    Lohrmann, D., Jayawardene, W., & Torabi, M. (2017). Factors Associated With Changes in Fruit Intake During Young Adulthood: A Classification and Regression Tree Analysis of Longitudinal Data. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 49(5), 427-+

    Jayawardene, W. P., Lohrmann, D. K., Dickinson, S., & Torabi, M. R. (2016). Population-Level Measures to Predict Obesity Burden in Public Schools: Looking Upstream for Midstream Actions. American Journal of Health Promotion. doi:10.1177/0890117116670305

    Jayawardene, W. P., Lohrmann, D. K., Erbe, R. G., & Torabi, M. R. (2016). Effects of Preventive Online Mindfulness Interventions on Stress and Mindfulness: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Preventive Medicine Reports, 5, 150-159

    Jun, M.K., Agley, J., Huang, C., & Gassman, R.A. (2016). College binge drinking and social norms: Using statistics to inform interventions. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 25(2), 113-123.

    Agley, J., Gassman, R., Kolbe, L., Seo, D-C., & Torabi, M. (2012). Do sociodemographic factors, smoking status, and beliefs about the health of others predict attitudes toward smoke-free air policies in various settings? Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, 29(3), 91-101.

    Werts, N., Hutton-Rogers, L., Agley, D., & McSweeney-Feld, M.H. (2012). Enhancing the quality of health information online: Recommendations for health education professionals. American Journal of Health Sciences, 3(3), 189-194.

    Jayawardene, W. P., Lohrmann, D. K., YoussefAgha, A. H., & Nilwala, D. C. (2011). Prevention of Dengue Fever: An Exploratory School-Community Intervention Involving Students Empowered as Change Agents. Journal of School Health, 81(9), 566-573

    Marker-Hoffman, R.L., Johnston, J.D., Agley, J., Gassman, R., Middlestadt, S.E., & Puymbroeck, M.V. (2011). Walking and body mass index patterns in a college student population [Abstract]. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43(5), 793.

    Agley, J. & Gassman, R. (2008). A state based model of prevention: Indiana’s example.  Health Promotion Practice, 9(2), 199-204.

    Dodd, G., Biggs, S., Agley, D., Dollman, J., & Lushington, K. (2008). Rethinking the youth weight debate: The 24 hour day. ACHPER Australia Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 55(1), 5-10.

    Seo, D-C., Nehl, E., Agley, J., & Ma, S-M. (2007). Relationships between physical activity and behavioral and perceptual correlates among Midwestern college students. Journal of American College Health, 56(2), 187-197

Disaster Preparedness

Though seemingly unrelated to addictive behaviors, disaster preparedness is an important aspect of public health that can arise in the event of any large-scale emergency or adverse event. In particular, disasters can have significant effects on individuals in long-term care for medical, psychiatric, or age-related reasons who may not have the ability to protect themselves during a crisis.

  • List of Publications

    Jayawardene, W., YoussefAgha, A., LaJoie, S., & Torabi, M. (2013). Psychological Distress among Nurses Caring for Victims of War in Sri Lanka. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 7(03), 278-286.

    Nelson, H.W., Agley, D., Netting, F.E., Borders, K.W., & Huber, R. (2013). State long-term care ombudsmen’s perceptions of their program’s disaster preparedness roles and readiness. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 32(8), 952-974.

    Austin, E. N., Nelson, H. W., Agley, D., Ogle, K. T., McCormick, M. J., Jerome, G. J., Phillips, R. M., Kirwan, M., Weinstein, M., & Minken, S. (2012). Emergency preparedness education using full scale exercises. State Defense Force Journal Monograph Series, 5, 63-75.

    Austin, E.N., Nelson, W. H., Agley, D., Ogle, K. T., McCormick, M. J., Jerome, G. J.,... Minken, S. (2012). Emergency preparedness education using full scale exercises. State Defense Force Monograph Series, 4, 63-74.